There has been a lot of talk lately about this idea of “flipping the classroom”. For those of you not familiar with this concept, it most often involves putting teacher lectures and explanations on video, and hosting those videos online so that students can watch them outside of school; teachers can then spend more time working one on one or with small groups of students during class time. It can also encompass any kind of plan where technology accessed outside the classroom replaces the traditional lecture format. Knewton provides this excellent flipped classroom infographic.
Created by Knewton and Column Five Media
On the surface, this seems like an excellent approach; after all, what teacher wouldn’t love to see these results? I see two significant problems with the implementation of a flipped classroom, however.
- Limited applicability in high needs schools
- The flipped classroom model relies on students interacting with teacher created videos or other web-based resources outside of classtime, in order to gain a basic understanding of the content. In a high need school, there may be a lack of video recording equipment or webcams on computers and there may not be access in each classroom to high speed internet. School districts may also have blocked access to websites like YouTube where teachers can easily upload video. Additionally, students may not have access in the home to a working computer, much less one with reliable high speed internet access. If they do have access, it may be shared among several family members, limiting the time they have to sit and watch video or interact with web-based resources. Certainly smartphones are becoming more and more common, but not common enough for teachers to be able to rely on them for a flipped classroom model, especially among younger students.
- Misunderstanding the nature of the flipped classroom
- When people refer to the flipped classroom, they are often referring to the model of teachers recording lectures, posting them online, and having students watch them at home. If, however, the lectures are a 30 minute long, monotone speech, then obviously this is going to be no more effective than an in-class 30 minute long, monotone speech. Gradually falling asleep in front of your computer, in fact, may be even easier than gradually falling asleep in the classroom. The same goes for the work in class. Teachers cannot simply take what they’ve been assigning for homework and plop it into the classroom. If students are sitting at their desks independently filling out a worksheet, you’re doing it wrong. Not to mention, that method of flipping the classroom sounds horribly time consuming.
This isn’t to say that the flipped classroom model isn’t useful; any teacher or administrator thinking about flipping the classroom should be well aware of these potential issues, however.
Thinking through these issues made me consider what it is that teachers are trying to achieve with the flipped classroom; I pored through what people online are saying about the flipped classroom and found a few common themes.
- More one on one interaction between teacher and student.
- More time for students to collaborate.
- Increased student choice in the learning process.
- Higher student achievement.
The last item is often touted as the end result of the flipped classroom model. The first three, while certainly possible through a flipped classroom model, are not exclusive to the flipped classroom model. While I am a big proponent of teachers becoming tech savvy and new media literate, I don’t think more technology is always the answer. Perhaps what we need to be recommending, instead of the flipped classroom, is inquiry-based learning, student autonomy, and authentic assessment, with the flipped classroom being just one of the potential options available. Certainly these approaches can be applied regardless of the amount or type of resources available to students, and will encourage the “guide on the side” instead of the “sage on the stage.”
Have you had experience with flipping your classroom, or being a student in a flipped classroom? Share your story! Was it effective?